Earthquakes, Volcanoes & Mountains
7-4-14 - Explain geological process and events using the theory of plate tectonics. Include : mountain formation, earthquakes, volcanoes
7-4-15 - Identify specialized careers involving the study of the Earth’s crust or the utilization of geological resources, and give examples of technologies used in each. Examples :geophysicist, seismologist, volcanologist, farmer
To complete the following assignment students may use a variety of ways to access information. You may sit in class during lecture, watch the videos, use the resources in the textbooks and/ or research information in books or the internet.
The teacher will let students know each class what topics will be covered so students will know what information they can gain.
Students will be required to orally defend their answers when asked.
Level C (50 points)
1. (15 marks) - Create vocabulary definitions for the following terms, using flashcards or other format; mountains, volcanoes, earthquakes, seismographs, Richter scale, shock wave, epicenter, seismologist, volcanologist, fault line, primary wave, secondary wave, ring of fire, pyroclastic flow, and magnitude.
2. (10 marks) - Describe how mountains are formed. In your description explain fold, dome, and block mountains. Include pictures to help in your explanation. You may use powerpoint, paragraph, or a poster to help illustrate.
3. (10 marks) - Create a chart that explains the formation of cinder cone, shield, and composite volcanoes. Include pictures to help in your explanation. You may use powerpoint, paragraph or a poster to help illustrate.
4. (5 marks) - Draw a cross section of the mid-ocean ridge, provide 2 cool facts about it and indicate where volcanoes may occur.
5. (10 marks) - Explain how earthquakes occur and what happens under the ground as well as on top of the surface during an earthquake. Where do earthquakes tend to occur? Why do earthquakes occur in these areas? You may use a map to help you answer your question.
a. Include an explanation on the tectonic plates movement.
b. How the pressure is released and what happens to the released pressure.
Level B (20 marks)
You are required to only complete 15 marks worth from the questions below.
1. (5 marks) How does a building’s design affect its ability to withstand an earthquake? Use playing cards or sugar cubes to answer this question.
2. (5 marks) You are living in a town in the path of an active volcano. Explain what is going through your mind. What would the countryside look like and explain what you evacuation plan be?
3. (10 marks) Imagine yourself as a seismologist and you are going to explain how a seismograph works and why it is important to understand plate movement to keep people safe to a group of young children.
4. (15 marks) Find a world map and label the location of where the 1994 earthquake took place in Los Angeles. Along what fault line did it occur? What was the magnitude and duration of the quake? Was the quake caused by the tectonic plates converging, diverging, or subduction? How much devastation occurred as a result of this earthquake? Explain how this earthquake affected the people in the region.
5. (15 marks) Watch the movie Nature’s Rages on volcanoes and earthquakes and write a summary paragraph on the devastation that is created by earthquakes and volcanoes.
Level A (20 marks)
Do one of the following questions. A poster, powerpoint, Touchcast/ regular video, or essay format can be used.
1. Create newspaper articles as if you were one of the journalists writing on the major volcanic of Mount Pinatubo. You must include important facts, dates, type of eruption, and a detailed summary of events over the course of the month. You should have at least 5 articles that follow the story.
2. Research and create an emergency evacuation/ response plan for a city in an earthquake or volcano zone.
3. Should insurance companies be required to insure homes that are built on earthquake zones or active volcanoes? Explain your point of view and make sure you provide supportive information (facts).
Design Process (20 marks)
Do one of the following projects
1. Build an earthquake resistant building.
a. Your building must be at least 50 cm tall.
b. The only materials that can be used are: Styrofoam, popsicle sticks, straws, cardboard, paper, string, thumbtacks, elastic bands, paper clips, toothpicks and glue
c. No tape can be used.
You must explain why you designed the structure the way that you did. Explain any special features and state why you used the materials that you did. (Ex. used styrofoam because it absorbs the shaking force.)
2. Design a model to explain one of the following things.
a. The theory of plate tectonics
b. Mountain formations
You must video yourself explaining the concept using your model. You can either “build the model” or create graphics on the computer to show what happens.